Biomorphic art is one of the three main forms in Islamic art, the others being calligraphy and geometry.
Biomorphic patterns vary greatly, and their application can be found in various crafts and architectural designs.
The popularity of floral motifs was because traditionally, living creatures and humans were not supposed to be depicted in Islamic art. Therefore, the plant kingdom provided subjects that were non-controversial and capable of stylization.
We find the traditional floral pattern carved on the textiles, ceramics, manuscripts, on the interiors and facades of famous architectural monuments ie. Madrasa, Masajids and tombs all over the islamic lands. However in Persia and central Asia the floral designs reached its Zenith especially in the Mughal era.
These floral motifs are inspired by nature and drawn with perfection using simples geometry with the help of compass and ruler.